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Residency Match - What is it?

The residency match process is a critical component of medical education and training. The matching process is the system through which graduating medical students apply for and are matched with residency programs that will provide them with the clinical training and experience necessary to become practicing physicians. This post will give an overview of how the residency match process works.


The first step in the residency match process is to complete an application. The application includes information on the student's academic record, extracurricular activities, research experience, and clinical rotations. It also includes personal information such as letters of recommendation and a personal statement. Medical students typically begin the application process in the summer of their final year of medical school.

Residency Program Selection

Once the application is complete, students must select the residency programs they wish to apply to. There are over 30 specialties and over 4,000 residency programs to choose from. Students must research each program to determine which ones align with their career goals and interests.


After applying, students are invited for interviews at the residency programs they have used to. The discussions allow the student to meet with the faculty and current residents, learn more about the program, and demonstrate their interest in it.


After the interview process, students must rank the residency programs they have interviewed at in order of preference. The programs also rank the students they have interviewed in order of importance. This is where the "match" process comes into play.

The Match

The National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) oversees the matching process. The NRMP uses an algorithm to match students with residency programs based on their ranked preferences. The algorithm is designed to ensure that both the students and the programs receive the best possible match.


On "Match Day," students receive their match results. They find out which residency program they have been matched with and where they will complete their residency training. The process is binding, and students are expected to accept the residency program they have been matched with.

In conclusion, the residency match process is complex, competitive, and requires careful preparation, research, and planning. It is essential in a student's journey to becoming a practicing physician. The process ensures that the students and the residency programs receive the best possible match.

Saint James School of Medicine | A Leading Medical School in the Caribbean